Matthew 27:33 Some scholars say Golgotha (skull) derives its name from its appearance. Golgotha may have been a regular place of execution in a prominent public place outside the city. Executions held there would serve as a deterrent to criminals.
Matthew 27:34 Wine mixed with gall was offered to Jesus to help reduce His pain, but Jesus refused to drink it. Gall is generally understood to be a narcotic that was used to deaden pain. Jesus would suffer fully conscious and with a clear mind.
Matthew 27:35 The soldiers customarily took the clothing of those they crucified. These soldiers cast lots and divided Jesus' clothing among themselves, fulfilling the prophecy made by David. Much of Psalm 22 parallels Jesus' crucifixion.
Matthew 27:40 This accusation was used against Jesus in His trial by the Jewish counsel. It is ironic that Jesus was in the very process of fulfilling His own prophecy. Because Jesus is the Son of God, who always obeys the will of the Father, He did not come down from the Cross.