Matthew 15:26-28 "Dog" was a term the Jews commonly applied to Gentiles because the Jews considered these heathen people no more likely than dogs to receive God's blessing. Jesus was not degrading the woman by using this term, He was reflecting the Jews attitude so as to contrast it with His own. The woman did not argue. Instead, using Jesus' choice of words, she agreed to be considered a dog as long as she could receive God's blessings for her daughter. Ironically, many Jews would lose God's blessing and salvation because they rejected Jesus, and many Gentiles would find salvation because they recognized and accepted Him.
Matthew 15:29-31 A great crowd was brought to Jesus to be healed, and He healed them all. Jesus is still able to heal broken lives, and we can be the ones who bring suffering people to Him. Who do you know that needs Christ's healing touch? You can bring them to Jesus through prayer or through explaining to them the reason for the hope that you have (1 Peter 3:15). Then let Christ do the healing.
Matthew 15:33 Jesus had already fed more than 5,000 people with five loaves an two fish. Here, in a similar situation, the disciples were again perplexed. How easily we throw up our hands in despair when faced with difficult situations. Like the disciples we often forget that if God has cared for us in the past, He will do the same now. When facing a difficult situation, remember how God cared for you and trust Him to work faithfully again.
Matthew 16:1 The Pharisees and Sadducees were Jewish religious leaders of two different parties, and their views were diametrically opposed on many issues. The Pharisees carefully followed their religious rules and traditions, believing that this was the way to God. They also believed in the authority of all Scripture and in the resurrection of the dead. The Sadducees accepted only the books of Moses and Scripture and did not believe in life after death. In Jesus, however, these two groups had a common enemy,and they joined forces to try to kill Him.